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Information Technology On 12th Oct Entrupy, the IT company known for its artificial intelligence-based product authentication technology, has launched the new Entrupy Fingerprinting Nettelo is a mobile platform that enables users to capture, view, analyse and share the human body and its full body metrics in 3D on smartphones or Information Technology On 13th Oct Information Technology On 14th Oct Information Technology On 10th Oct Information Technology On 9th Oct Information Technology On 12th Aug Information Technology On 10th Sep Information Technology On 2nd Oct Information Technology On 20th Jul Information Technology On 23rd Jul We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles.
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For instance, rayon and acetate, two of the first man-made fibres ever to be produced, are made of the same cellulose polymers that make up cotton, hemp, flax, and the structural fibres of wood. In the case of rayon and acetate, however, the cellulose is acquired in…. It can also be molded into solid plastic parts such as tool handles or cast into film for photography or food wrapping, though its use in these applications has diminished. More About Rayon 6 references found in Britannica articles Assorted References major reference In major industrial polymers: Rayon cellulose acetate In cellulose acetate developed by Chardonnet In Hilaire Bernigaud, count de Chardonnet manufacture of synthetic textiles In history of technology: Synthetic fibres production In man-made fibre structure of fibre In man-made fibre: Help us improve this article!
Contact our editors with your feedback. You may find it helpful to search within the site to see how similar or related subjects are covered. Any text you add should be original, not copied from other sources. At the bottom of the article, feel free to list any sources that support your changes, so that we can fully understand their context. These include fabrics designed to regulate body temperature, reduce wind resistance, and control muscle vibration — all of which may improve athletic performance.
Other fabrics have been developed for protective clothing, to guard against extreme environmental hazards, such as radiation and the effects of space travel. Electronic textiles are distinct from wearable computing because emphasis is placed on the seamless integration of textiles with electronic elements like microcontrollers, sensors, and actuators. Furthermore, e-textiles need not be wearable. For instance, e-textiles are also found in interior design.
The related field of fibretronics explores how electronic and computational functionality can be integrated into textile fibers.
A new report from Cientifica Research examines the markets for textile based wearable technologies, the companies producing them and the enabling technologies.
The report identifies three distinct generations of textile wearable technologies:. Future applications for e-textiles may be developed for sports and well-being products, and medical devices for patient monitoring. Technical textiles, fashion and entertainment will also be significant applications. The basic materials needed to construct e-textiles, conductive threads and fabrics have been around for over years. In particular, artisans have been wrapping fine metal foils, most often gold and silver, around fabric threads for centuries.
At the end of the 19th century, as people developed and grew accustomed to electric appliances, designers and engineers began to combine electricity with clothing and jewelry—developing a series of illuminated and motorized necklaces, hats, brooches and costumes.
In , the Museum of Contemporary Craft in New York City held a ground-breaking exhibition called Body Covering that focused on the relationship between technology and apparel. The show featured astronauts' space suits along with clothing that could inflate and deflate, light up, and heat and cool itself. In , inventor Harry Wainwright created the first fully animated sweatshirt.
The shirt consisted of fiber optics, leads, and a microprocessor to control individual frames of animation. The result was a full color cartoon displayed on the surface of the shirt. MIT personnel purchased several fully animated coats for their researchers to wear at their demonstrations in to bring attention to their "Wearable Computer" research.
Wainwright was commissioned to speak at the Textile and Colorists Conference in Melbourne, Australia on June 5, where he was requested to demonstrate his fabric creations that change color using any smart phone, indicate callers on mobile phones without a digital display, and contain WIFI security features that protect purses and personal items from theft.
These devices consisted of traditional computer hardware attached to and carried on the body. In response to technical, social, and design challenges faced by these researchers, another group at MIT, that included Maggie Orth and Rehmi Post, began to explore how such devices might be more gracefully integrated into clothing and other soft substrates.
Among other developments, this team explored integrating digital electronics with conductive fabrics and developed a method for embroidering electronic circuits. Fashion houses like CuteCircuit are utilizing e-textiles for their haute couture collections and specialty projects. CuteCircuit's Hug Shirt allows the user to send electronic hugs through sensors within the garment. Most research and commercial e-textile projects are hybrids where electronic components embedded in the textile are connected to classical electronic devices or components.
Some examples are touch buttons that are constructed completely in textile forms by using conducting textile weaves, which are then connected to devices such as music players or LEDs that are mounted on woven conducting fiber networks to form displays. Printed sensors for both physiological and environmental monitoring have been integrated into textiles  including cotton ,  Gore-Tex ,  and neoprene.
Smart textile fabric can be made from materials ranging from traditional cotton, polyester, and nylon, to advanced Kevlar with integrated functionalities. However, in the scope of the present, fabrics with electrical conductivity are of interest. There are two kinds of smart textile fabric products that have been developed and studied for health monitoring fabric with textile-based sensor electronics and fabric that envelopes traditional sensor electronics, showed that weaving can be used to incorporate electrically conductive yarn into a fabric to obtain a textile that can be used as a "Wearable Motherboard".
Advancing Industry Adoption of Digital Textile Printing
Innovation in Textiles is the leading free content website for the global technical textiles industry, delivering daily news, comment and analysis on the latest technologies for technical textile applications. Technical features, exhibition and conference. Oct 07, · New SOFT E-Textiles Could Offer Advanced Protection for Soldiers and Emergency Personnel Nov. 1, — New technology harnesses electronic signals in a . and have been a very busy couple of years, with all kinds of new technologies giving their contribute to the textile sector. From fabric improvement, tagging and even wearable technology, we have chosen some of the newest developments to showcase.